And he healed¹ many that were² sick³
of divers diseases,
and cast out⁴ many devils⁵;
and suffered⁶ not the devils⁵ to speak⁷,
because they knew him.
¹) Greek: θεραπεύω therapeuo (pronounced as: ther–ap–yoo’–o) meaning to serve, to heal, to cure, to restore to health.
²) to have, i.e. to hold as in to have (hold) in the hand, in the sense of wearing, to have (hold) possession of the mind (refers to alarm, agitating emotions, etc.), to hold fast keep, to have or comprise or involve, to regard or consider or hold as.
³) Miserable, to be ill
⁴) To move away with a force which he cannot resist
⁵) Evil spirits or the messengers and ministers of the devil, beings who are inferior to God, and superior to men
⁷) For it is not proper for the demons to preach the gospel (Acts 16:18)
From other translations:
And He cured many who were afflicted with various diseases; and He drove out many demons, but would not allow the demons to talk because they knew Him [intuitively]. [AMP] And he healed many who were sick with various diseases, and cast out many demons. And he would not permit the demons to speak, because they knew him. [ESV] He cured their sick bodies and tormented spirits. Because the demons knew his true identity, he didn't let them say a word. [MSB] and Jesus healed many who had various diseases. He also drove out many demons, but he would not let the demons speak because they knew who he was. [NIV] So Jesus healed great numbers of sick people who had many different kinds of diseases, and he ordered many demons to come out of their victims. But because they knew who he was, he refused to allow the demons to speak. [NLT] Then He healed many who were sick with various diseases, and cast out many demons; and He did not allow the demons to speak, because they knew Him. [NKJV]
Now let us see what this verse is telling us.
Cast out many devils
In Matthew 8:16 it is said, “He cast out the spirits with His word”; or rather, “with a word”, a word of command.
Devils, (demons). To the reality and personality of demons the N.T. scriptures bear abundant testimony. As to their origin nothing is clearly revealed, but they are not to be confounded with the angels mentioned in 2 Peter 2:4 ; Jude 1:6 .
Summary: Demons are spirits (Matthew 12:43,45) and are Satan’s emissaries; (Matthew 12:26-27; 25:41) and so numerous as to make Satan’s power practically ubiquitous.(Mark 5:9).
They are capable of entering and controlling both men and beasts (Mark 5:8, 11-13) and earnestly seek embodiment, without which, apparently, they are powerless for evil. (Matthew 12:43-44; Mark 5:10-12).
Demon influence and demon possession are discriminated in the New Testament. Instances of the latter are: Matthew 4:24; 8:16,28,33; 9:32; 12:22 ; Mark 1:32 ; Mark 5:15-16; Luke 8:35; Acts 8:7; 16:16 .
▪︎ They are unclean, sullen, violent, and malicious (Matthew 8:28; 9:23; 10:1; 12:43; Mark 1:23; 5:3-5; 9:17,20 ; Luke 6:18; 9:39).
▪︎ They know Jesus Christ as Most High God, and recognize His supreme authority; (Matthew 8:31,32; Mark 1:24 ; Acts 19:15; James 2:19).
▪︎ They know their eternal fate to be one of torment; (Matthew 8:29; Luke 8:31).
▪︎ They inflict physical maladies; (Matthew 12:22; 17:15-18; Luke 13:16) but mental disease is to be distinguished from the disorder of mind due to demonical control.
Demon influence may manifest itself in religion asceticism and formalism (1 Timothy 4:1-3) degenerating into uncleanness (2 Peter 2:10-12).
The sign of demon influence in religion is departing from the faith, i.e. the body of revealed truth in the Scriptures (1 Timothy 4:1).
The demons maintain especially a conflict with believers who would be spiritual; (Ephesians 6:12; 1 Timothy 4:1-3).
All unbelievers are open to demon possession (Ephesians 2:2).
The believer’s resources,
▪︎ prayer and bodily control (Matthew 17:21)
▪︎ “the whole armour of God” (Ephesians 6:13-18).
▪︎ Exorcism in the name of Jesus Christ (Acts 16:18)
was practised for demon possession.
One of the awful features of the apocalyptic judgments in which this age will end is an irruption of demons out the abyss. (Revelation 9:1-11).
and suffered not the devils to speak, because they knew him
Evidently they would have spoken, if permitted, proclaiming His Messiahship in such terms as in the synagogue; but once in one day, and that testimony immediately silenced, was enough.
In Matthew 8:17 we also have this quotation: “That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Isaiah the prophet (Isaiah 53:4), saying that He Himself took our infirmities, and bare our sicknesses.”
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