Matthew 12:10 KJV
And, behold, there was a man
which had [his] hand withered.
And they asked him, saying,
Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath days?
that they might accuse him.
New International Version
and a man with a shriveled hand was there. Looking for a reason to bring charges against Jesus, they asked him, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?”
New Living Translation
where he noticed a man with a deformed hand. The Pharisees asked Jesus, “Does the law permit a person to work by healing on the Sabbath?” (They were hoping he would say yes, so they could bring charges against him.)
English Standard Version
And a man was there with a withered hand. And they asked him, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?”—so that they might accuse him.
Berean Study Bible
and a man with a withered hand was there. In order to accuse Jesus, they asked Him, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?”
Berean Literal Bible
And behold, a man having a withered hand, and they asked Him saying, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbaths?”–so that they might accuse Him.
New King James Version
And behold, there was a man who had a withered hand. And they asked Him, saying, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?”—that they might accuse Him.
New American Standard Bible
And a man was there whose hand was withered. And they questioned Jesus, asking, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?”—so that they might bring charges against Him.
And a man was there whose hand was withered. And they questioned Jesus, asking, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?”— so that they might accuse Him.
And behold, there was a man with a withered hand. And they questioned Him, saying, “Is it lawful to heal on the Sabbath?”—in order that they might accuse Him.
A man was there whose hand was withered. And they asked Jesus, “Is it lawful and permissible to heal on the Sabbath?”—they asked this so that they might accuse Him and bring charges into court.
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He went into their synagogue and taught.
He had now, no doubt, arrived in Galilee; but this, it would appear, did not occur at Capernaum, for after it was over, He “withdrew Himself,” it is said “to the sea” (Mark 3:7), whereas Capernaum was at the sea.
There was a man which had his hand withered.
Two facts are implied:
- That the Pharisees expected our Lord to heal the man thus afflicted. They knew that commonly the mere sight of suffering of this kind called out His sympathy, and that the sympathy passed into act.
- That they had resolved, if He did so heal, to make it the ground of a definite accusation before the local tribunal, the “judgment” of Matthew 5:21. The casuistry of the Rabbis allowed the healing art to be practised on the Sabbath in cases of life and death, but the “withered hand,” a permanent infirmity, obviously did not come under that category.
A withered hand
There was a man which had his hand withered — disabled by paralysis (as in 1 Kings 13:4). It was his right hand, as Luke (Luke 6:6) graphically notes.
The nerves and sinews of it being shrunk up, so that it was entirely useless.
Namely, the scribes and Pharisees, who had either mixed with the crowd that followed Jesus, or were in the synagogue before He came; asked Him.
Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath day?
They made this inquiry merely that they might find matter whereon to ground an accusation against Him. For they fully expected He would say that it was lawful, in opposition to the doctrine of their learned men, who accounted performing cures on the sabbath a violation of the holy rest of that day.
Mark and Luke (Mark 3:2; Luke 6:7) say they “watched Him whether He would heal on the sabbath day.”
So gross was their hypocrisy, that they resolved to raise an outcry against Him, if on the sabbath He should give a lame man the use of his hand, while they themselves were profaning it by an action which would have polluted any day; were seeking an opportunity to murder one who had never done them any harm, but had been, and was incessantly doing them good!
That they might accuse him
They were now come to the length of dogging His steps, to collect materials for a charge of impiety against Him. It is probable that it was to their thoughts rather than their words that Jesus addressed Himself in what follows.
And ☆ καὶ (kai) ☆ Conjunction ☆ And, even, also, namely.
A man ☆ ἄνθρωπος (anthrōpos) ☆ Noun – Nominative Masculine Singular ☆ A man, one of the human race. From aner and ops; man-faced, i.e. A human being.
With ☆ ἔχων (echōn) ☆ Verb – Present Participle Active – Nominative Masculine Singular ☆ To have, hold, possess. Including an alternate form scheo skheh’-o; a primary verb; to hold.
Withered ☆ ξηράν (xēran) ☆ Adjective – Accusative Feminine Singular ☆ Dry, withered; noun: dry land. From the base of xestes; arid; by implication, shrunken, earth.
Hand ☆ χεῖρα (cheira) ☆ Noun – Accusative Feminine Singular ☆ A hand.
[was there] ☆ ἰδοὺ (idou) ☆ Verb – Aorist Imperative Active – 2nd Person Singular ☆ See! Lo! Behold! Look! Second person singular imperative middle voice of eido; used as imperative lo!
In order to ☆ ἵνα (hina) ☆ Conjunction ☆ In order that, so that. Probably from the same as the former part of heautou; in order that.
Accuse ☆ κατηγορήσωσιν (katēgorēsōsin) ☆ Verb – Aorist Subjunctive Active – 3rd Person Plural ☆ To accuse, charge, prosecute. From kategoros; to be a plaintiff, i.e. To charge with some offence.
[Jesus] ☆ αὐτοῦ (autou) ☆ Personal / Possessive Pronoun – Genitive Masculine 3rd Person Singular ☆ He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.
Asked ☆ ἐπηρώτησαν (epērōtēsan) ☆ Verb – Aorist Indicative Active – 3rd Person Plural ☆ To interrogate, question, demand of. From epi and erotao; to ask for, i.e. Inquire, seek.
Him ☆ αὐτὸν (auton) ☆ Personal / Possessive Pronoun – Accusative Masculine 3rd Person Singular ☆ He, she, it, they, them, same. From the particle au; the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person, and of the other persons.
Is it lawful ☆ ἔξεστιν (exestin) ☆ Verb – Present Indicative Active – 3rd Person Singular ☆ It is permitted, lawful, possible.
Heal ☆ θεραπεῦσαι (therapeusai) ☆ Verb – Aorist Infinitive Active ☆ From the same as therapon; to wait upon menially, i.e. to adore, or to relieve.
The ☆ τοῖς (tois) ☆ Article – Dative Neuter Plural ☆ The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.
Sabbath ☆ σάββασιν (sabbasin) ☆ Noun – Dative Neuter Plural ☆ The Sabbath, a week.
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